This is the documentation for Cloudera 5.5.x. Documentation for other versions is available at Cloudera Documentation.

Configuring Sqoop 2

This section explains how to configure the Sqoop 2 server.

Configuring which Hadoop Version to Use

The Sqoop 2 client does not interact directly with Hadoop MapReduce, and so it does not require any MapReduce configuration.

The Sqoop 2 server can work with either MRv1 or YARN. It cannot work with both simultaneously.You set the MapReduce version the Sqoop 2 server works with by means of the alternatives command (or update-alternatives, depending on your operating system):
  • To use YARN:
    alternatives --set sqoop2-tomcat-conf /etc/sqoop2/tomcat-conf.dist
  • To use MRv1:
    alternatives --set sqoop2-tomcat-conf /etc/sqoop2/tomcat-conf.mr1
  Important: If you are upgrading from a release earlier than CDH 5 Beta 2

In earlier releases, the mechanism for setting the MapReduce version was the CATALINA_BASEvariable in the /etc/defaults/sqoop2-server file. This does not work as of CDH 5 Beta 2, and in fact could cause problems. Check your /etc/defaults/sqoop2-server file and make sure CATALINA_BASE is not set.

Configuring Sqoop 2 to Use PostgreSQL instead of Apache Derby

Deciding which Database to Use

Sqoop 2 has a built-in Derby database, but Cloudera recommends that you use a PostgreSQL database instead, for the following reasons:
  • Derby runs in embedded mode and it is not possible to monitor its health.
  • It is not clear how to implement a live backup strategy for the embedded Derby database, though it may be possible.
  • Under load, Cloudera has observed locks and rollbacks with the embedded Derby database which don't happen with server-based databases.
See Supported Databases for tested database versions.

There is currently no recommended way to migrate data from an existing Derby database into the new PostgreSQL database.

Use the procedure that follows to configure Sqoop 2 to use PostgreSQL instead of Apache Derby.

  1. Install PostgreSQL 8.4.x or 9.0.x
  2. Create the Sqoop User and Sqoop Database
  3. Stop the Sqoop 2 Server
  4. Configure Sqoop 2 to use PostgreSQL
  5. Restart the Sqoop 2 Server

Install PostgreSQL 8.4.x or 9.0.x

Create the Sqoop User and Sqoop Database

For example, using the PostgreSQL psql command-line tool:

$ psql -U postgres
Password for user postgres: *****


postgres=# CREATE DATABASE "sqoop" WITH OWNER = sqoop
 TABLESPACE = pg_default
 LC_CTYPE = 'en_US.UTF8'

postgres=# \q

Stop the Sqoop 2 Server

$ sudo /sbin/service sqoop2-server stop

Configure Sqoop 2 to use PostgreSQL

Edit the file (normally /etc/sqoop2/conf) as follows:

org.apache.sqoop.repository.jdbc.transaction.isolation=isolation level
org.apache.sqoop.repository.jdbc.maximum.connections=max connections
org.apache.sqoop.repository.jdbc.url=jdbc URL
  • Replace isolation level with a value such as READ_COMMITTED.
  • Replace max connections with a value such as 10.
  • Replace jdbc URL with the hostname on which you installed PostgreSQL.
  • Replace username with (in this example) sqoop
  • Replace password with (in this example) sqoop
  • Use to set each additional property you want to configure; see for details. For example, replace property with loglevel and value with 3

Restart the Sqoop 2 Server

$ sudo /sbin/service sqoop2-server start

Installing the JDBC Drivers

Sqoop 2 does not ship with third party JDBC drivers. You must download them separately and save them to the /var/lib/sqoop2/ directory on the server. The following sections show how to install the most common JDBC drivers. Once you have installed the JDBC drivers, restart the Sqoop 2 server so that the drivers are loaded.

The JDBC drivers need to be installed only on the machine where Sqoop is executed; you do not need to install them on all nodes in your Hadoop cluster.

Installing the MySQL JDBC Driver

Download the MySQL JDBC driver here. You will need to sign up for an account if you don't already have one, and log in, before you can download it. Then copy it to the /var/lib/sqoop2/ directory. For example:

$ sudo cp mysql-connector-java-version/mysql-connector-java-version-bin.jar /var/lib/sqoop2/
At the time of publication, version was 5.1.31, but the version may have changed by the time you read this.

Make sure you have at least version 5.1.31. Some systems ship with an earlier version that may not work correctly with Sqoop.

Installing the Oracle JDBC Driver

You can download the JDBC Driver from the Oracle website, for example here. You must accept the license agreement before you can download the driver. Download the ojdbc6.jar file and copy it to /var/lib/sqoop2/ directory:

$ sudo cp ojdbc6.jar /var/lib/sqoop2/

Installing the Microsoft SQL Server JDBC Driver

Download the Microsoft SQL Server JDBC driver here and copy it to the /var/lib/sqoop2/ directory. For example:

$ curl -L '' | tar xz
$ sudo cp sqljdbc_4.0/enu/sqljdbc4.jar /var/lib/sqoop2/

Installing the PostgreSQL JDBC Driver

Download the PostgreSQL JDBC driver here and copy it to the /var/lib/sqoop2/ directory. For example:

$ curl -L '' -o postgresql-9.2-1002.jdbc4.jar
$ sudo cp postgresql-9.2-1002.jdbc4.jar /var/lib/sqoop2/
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