Upgrading to CDH 5.8.0 or CDH 5.8.1 When Using the Flume Kafka Client

Due to the change of offset storage from ZooKeeper to Kafka in the CDH 5.8 Flume Kafka client, data might not be consumed by the Flume agents, or might be duplicated (if kafka.auto.offset.reset=smallest) during an upgrade to CDH 5.8.0 or CDH 5.8.1. To prevent this, perform the steps described below before you upgrade your system.

The upgrade process is based on this example configuration:
tier1.sources  = source1
tier1.channels = channel1
tier1.sinks = sink1

tier1.sources.source1.type = org.apache.flume.source.kafka.KafkaSource
tier1.sources.source1.zookeeperConnect = zkhost:2181
tier1.sources.source1.topic = flumetopic
tier1.sources.source1.groupId = flume
tier1.sources.source1.channels = channel1
tier1.sources.source1.interceptors = i1 i2
tier1.sources.source1.interceptors.i1.type = timestamp
tier1.sources.source1.interceptors.i2.type = host
tier1.sources.source1.kafka.consumer.timeout.ms = 100

tier1.channels.channel1.type = org.apache.flume.channel.kafka.KafkaChannel
tier1.channels.channel1.brokerList=broker1:9092,broker2:9092
tier1.channels.channel1.zookeeperConnect=zkhost:2181
tier1.channels.channel1.topic=flumechannel1
tier1.channels.channel1.groupId = flumechannel
tier1.channels.channel1.capacity = 10000
tier1.channels.channel1.transactionCapacity = 1000

tier1.sinks.sink1.type = hdfs
tier1.sinks.sink1.hdfs.path = /tmp/kafka/%{topic}/
tier1.sinks.sink1.hdfs.filePrefix = %{host}-
tier1.sinks.sink1.hdfs.rollInterval = 60
tier1.sinks.sink1.hdfs.rollSize = 0
tier1.sinks.sink1.hdfs.rollCount = 0
tier1.sinks.sink1.hdfs.fileType = DataStream
tier1.sinks.sink1.channel = channel1
tier1.sinks.sink1.hdfs.kerberosKeytab = $KERBEROS_KEYTAB
tier1.sinks.sink1.hdfs.kerberosPrincipal = $KERBEROS_PRINCIPAL
        

Perform the following steps to upgrade CDH.

  1. If you are using a version lower than CDH 5.7, first upgrade to CDH 5.7. If for some reason you cannot upgrade to CDH 5.7, contact your Cloudera Sales Engineer for assistance, or file a support case with specific versions from which and to which you are upgrading.
  2. Add the following sections to the source and channel for the Flume configuration:
    # Added for source upgrade compatability
    tier1.sources.source1.kafka.bootstrap.servers = broker1:9092,broker2:9092
    tier1.sources.source1.kafka.offsets.storage = kafka
    tier1.sources.source1.kafka.dual.commit.enabled = true
    tier1.sources.source1.kafka.consumer.group.id = flume
    tier1.sources.source1.kafka.topics = flumetopic
    
    # Added for channel upgrade compatability
    tier1.channels.channel1.kafka.topic = flumechannel1
    tier1.channels.channel1.kafka.bootstrap.servers = broker1:9092,broker2:9092
    tier1.channels.channel1.kafka.consumer.group.id = flumechannel
    tier1.channels.channel1.kafka.offsets.storage = kafka
    tier1.channels.channel1.kafka.dual.commit.enabled = true
  3. Restart (or rolling restart) the Flume agents. This switches offsets.storage to Kafka, but keeps both the Kafka and ZooKeeper offsets updated because the dual.commit.enabled property is set to true. Confirm that Kafka messages are flowing through the Flume servers. Updating the offsets only occurs when new messages are consumed, so there must be at least one Kafka message consumed by the Flume agent, or one event passed through the Flume channel. Use the following commands to verify that Flume is properly updating the offsets in Kafka (the egrep command is used to match the correct topic names: in this example, flumetopic and flumechannel) :
    echo "exclude.internal.topics=false" > /tmp/consumer.config 
    kafka-console-consumer --consumer.config /tmp/consumer.config 
    --formatter "kafka.coordinator.GroupMetadataManager\$OffsetsMessageFormatter" 
    --zookeeper zkhost:2181 --topic __consumer_offsets  |egrep -e "flumetopic|flumechannel1"

    Output should be similar to the following and show that the Flume source and/or channel topics offsets are being incremented:

    [flume,flumetopic,0]::[OffsetMetadata[70,cf9e5630-214e-4689-9869-5e077c936ffb],CommitTime 1469827951129,ExpirationTime 1469914351129]
    [flumechannel,flumechannel1,0]::[OffsetMetadata[61,875e7a82-1c22-43be-acaa-eb4d63e7f71e],CommitTime 1469827951128,ExpirationTime 1469914351128]
    [flumechannel,flumechannel1,0]::[OffsetMetadata[62,66bda888-0a70-4a02-a286-7e2e7d14050d],CommitTime 1469827951131,ExpirationTime 1469914351131]
    
  4. Perform the upgrade to CDH 5.8.0 or CDH 5.8.1. The Flume agents are restarted during the process. Flume continues to consume the source topic where it left off, and the sinks continue draining from the Kafka channels where they left off. Post upgrade, remove the following deprecated properties from flume.conf because they are no longer used in CDH 5.8.0 or higher:
    tier1.sources.source1.zookeeperConnect = zkhost:2181
    tier1.sources.source1.topic = flumetopic
    tier1.sources.source1.groupId = flume
    
    tier1.channels.channel1.zookeeperConnect=zkhost:2181
    tier1.channels.channel1.topic=flumechannel1
    tier1.channels.channel1.groupId = flumechannel