MariaDB Database

Installing the MariaDB Server

  1. Install the MariaDB database.
    OS Command
    RHEL
    $ sudo yum install mariadb-server
    SLES
    $ sudo zypper install mariadb-server
    Ubuntu and Debian
    $ sudo apt-get install mariadb-server
    After issuing the command to install MariaDB, you might need to confirm that you want to complete the installation.

Configuring and Starting the MariaDB Server

  1. Stop the MariaDB server if it is running.
    $ sudo service mariadb stop
  2. Move old InnoDB log files /var/lib/mysql/ib_logfile0 and /var/lib/mysql/ib_logfile1 out of /var/lib/mysql/ to a backup location.
  3. Determine the location of the option file, my.cnf.
  4. Update my.cnf so that it conforms to the following requirements:
    • To prevent deadlocks, set the isolation level to read committed.
    • The default settings in the MariaDB installations in most distributions use conservative buffer sizes and memory usage. Cloudera Management Service roles need high write throughput because they might insert many records in the database. Cloudera recommends that you set the innodb_flush_method property to O_DIRECT.
    • Set the max_connections property according to the size of your cluster:
      • Small clusters (fewer than 50 hosts) - You can store more than one database (for example, both the Activity Monitor and Service Monitor) on the same host. If you do this, you should:
        • Put each database on its own storage volume.
        • Allow 100 maximum connections for each database and then add 50 extra connections. For example, for two databases, set the maximum connections to 250. If you store five databases on one host (the databases for Cloudera Manager Server, Activity Monitor, Reports Manager, Cloudera Navigator, and Hive metastore), set the maximum connections to 550.
      • Large clusters (more than 50 hosts) - Do not store more than one database on the same host. Use a separate host for each database/host pair. The hosts need not be reserved exclusively for databases, but each database should be on a separate host.
    • Binary logging is not a requirement for Cloudera Manager installations. Binary logging provides benefits such as MariaDB replication or point-in-time incremental recovery after database restore. Examples of this configuration follow. For more information, see The Binary Log.

    Here is an option file with Cloudera recommended settings:

    [mysqld]
    transaction-isolation = READ-COMMITTED
    # Disabling symbolic-links is recommended to prevent assorted security risks;
    # to do so, uncomment this line:
    # symbolic-links = 0
    
    key_buffer = 16M
    key_buffer_size = 32M
    max_allowed_packet = 32M
    thread_stack = 256K
    thread_cache_size = 64
    query_cache_limit = 8M
    query_cache_size = 64M
    query_cache_type = 1
    
    max_connections = 550
    #expire_logs_days = 10
    #max_binlog_size = 100M
    
    #log_bin should be on a disk with enough free space. Replace '/var/lib/mysql/mysql_binary_log' with an appropriate path for your system
    #and chown the specified folder to the mysql user.
    log_bin=/var/lib/mysql/mysql_binary_log
    
    binlog_format = mixed
    
    read_buffer_size = 2M
    read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M
    sort_buffer_size = 8M
    join_buffer_size = 8M
    
    # InnoDB settings
    innodb_file_per_table = 1
    innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit  = 2
    innodb_log_buffer_size = 64M
    innodb_buffer_pool_size = 4G
    innodb_thread_concurrency = 8
    innodb_flush_method = O_DIRECT
    innodb_log_file_size = 512M
    
    [mysqld_safe]
    log-error=/var/log/mariadb/mariadb.log
    pid-file=/var/run/mariadb/mariadb.pid
  5. If AppArmor is running on the host where MariaDB is installed, you might need to configure AppArmor to allow MariaDB to write to the binary.
  6. Ensure the MariaDB server starts at boot:
    OS Command
    RHEL
    $ sudo systemctl enable mariadb
    $ sudo systemctl list-unit-files | grep mariadb
    mariadb.service                               enabled
    SLES
    $ sudo chkconfig --add mariadb
    Ubuntu and Debian
    $ sudo chkconfig mariadb on
  7. Start the MariaDB server:
    $ sudo service mariadb start
  8. Set the MariaDB root password. In the following example, the current root password is blank. Press the Enter key when you're prompted for the root password.
    $ sudo /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation
    [...]
    Enter current password for root (enter for none):
    OK, successfully used password, moving on...
    [...]
    Set root password? [Y/n] y
    New password:
    Re-enter new password:
    [...]
    Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
    [...]
    Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] n
    [...]
    Remove test database and access to it [Y/n] y
    [...]
    Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
     ... Success!

Creating Databases for Activity Monitor, Reports Manager, Hive Metastore Server, Hue Server, Sentry Server, Cloudera Navigator Audit Server, and Cloudera Navigator Metadata Server

Create databases and user accounts for components that require databases:
  • If you are not using the Cloudera Manager installer, the Cloudera Manager Server.
  • Cloudera Management Service roles:
    • Activity Monitor (if using the MapReduce service)
    • Reports Manager
  • Each Hive metastore
  • Sentry Server
  • Cloudera Navigator Audit Server
  • Cloudera Navigator Metadata Server

You can create these databases on the host where the Cloudera Manager Server will run, or on any other hosts in the cluster. For performance reasons, you should install each database on the host on which the service runs, as determined by the roles you assign during installation or upgrade. In larger deployments or in cases where database administrators are managing the databases the services use, you can separate databases from services, but use caution.

The database must be configured to support UTF-8 character set encoding.

Record the values you enter for database names, usernames, and passwords. The Cloudera Manager installation wizard requires this information to correctly connect to these databases.

  1. Log into MariaDB as the root user:
    $ mysql -u root -p
    Enter password:
  2. Create databases for the Activity Monitor, Reports Manager, Hive Metastore Server, Hue Server, Sentry Server, Cloudera Navigator Audit Server, and Cloudera Navigator Metadata Server:
    mysql> create database database DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8;
    Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
    
    mysql> grant all on database.* TO 'user'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
    Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
    database, user, and password can be any value. The examples match the default names provided in the Cloudera Manager configuration settings:
    Role Database User Password
    Activity Monitor amon amon amon_password
    Reports Manager rman rman rman_password
    Hive Metastore Server metastore hive hive_password
    Sentry Server sentry sentry sentry_password
    Cloudera Navigator Audit Server nav nav nav_password
    Cloudera Navigator Metadata Server navms navms navms_password

Configuring the Hue Server to Store Data in MariaDB

To install and configure MariaDB for Hue, see, see Connect Hue to MySQL or MariaDB.

Connect Hue Service to MySQL

  1. Stop Hue Service
    1. In Cloudera Manager, navigate to Cluster > Hue.
    2. Select Actions > Stop.
  2. [migration only] Dump Current Database
    1. Select Actions > Dump Database.
    2. Click Dump Database. The file is written to /tmp/hue_database_dump.json on the host of the Hue server.
    3. Log on to the host of the Hue server in a command-line terminal.
    4. Edit /tmp/hue_database_dump.json by removing all objects with useradmin.userprofile in the model field. For example:
      # Count number of objects
      grep -c useradmin.userprofile /tmp/hue_database_dump.json
      vi /tmp/hue_database_dump.json
      {
        "pk": 1,
        "model": "useradmin.userprofile",
        "fields": {
          "last_activity": "2016-10-03T10:06:13",
          "creation_method": "HUE",
          "first_login": false,
          "user": 1,
          "home_directory": "/user/admin"
        }
      },
      {
        "pk": 2,
        "model": "useradmin.userprofile",
        "fields": {
          "last_activity": "2016-10-03T10:27:10",
          "creation_method": "HUE",
          "first_login": false,
          "user": 2,
          "home_directory": "/user/alice"
        }
      },
  3. Connect to New Database
    1. Go to Hue > Configuration.
    2. Filter by category, Database.
    3. Set the following database parameters :
      DB Hostname  = <fqdn of host with postgres server>:3306
      DB Type      = <PostgreSQL>
      DB Name      = hue
      Username     = hue
      Password     = <hue database password set when granting hue permissions>
    4. Click Save Changes.
  4. [migration only] Synchronize New Database
    1. Select Actions > Synchronize Database
    2. Click Synchronize Database.
  5. [migration only] Load Data from Old Database
    1. Log on to the host of the MySQL server in a command-line terminal.
      mysql -u root -p
      Enter password: <root password>
    2. Drop the foreign key constraint from the auth_permission table in the hue database.
      SHOW CREATE table hue.auth_permission;
      ALTER TABLE hue.auth_permission DROP FOREIGN KEY content_type_id_refs_id_id value;
    3. Clean the table, django_content_type.
      DELETE FROM hue.django_content_type;


    4. In Cloudera Manager, load the JSON file: select Actions > Load Database and click Load Database.
    5. Add the foreign key back:
      ALTER TABLE hue.auth_permission ADD FOREIGN KEY (content_type_id) REFERENCES django_content_type (id);
  6. Start Hue service
    1. Navigate to Cluster > Hue, if not already there.
    2. Select Actions > Start.
    3. Click Start.
    4. Click Hue Web UI to log on to Hue with a custom MySQL database.

Configuring MariaDB for Oozie

Install and Start MariaDB 5.5

See MariaDB Database.

Create the Oozie Database and Oozie MariaDB User

For example, using the MariaDB mysql command-line tool:

$ mysql -u root -p
Enter password:

MariaDB [(none)]> create database oozie default character set utf8;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]>  grant all privileges on oozie.* to 'oozie'@'localhost' identified by 'oozie';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]>  grant all privileges on oozie.* to 'oozie'@'%' identified by 'oozie';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> exit
Bye

Add the MariaDB JDBC Driver JAR to Oozie

Cloudera recommends that you use the MySQL JDBC driver for MariaDB. Copy or symbolically link the MySQL JDBC driver JAR to the /var/lib/oozie/ directory.