Configuring Sentry Policy File Authorization Using the Command Line

Configuring User to Group Mappings

Hadoop Groups

Set the hive.sentry.provider property in sentry-site.xml.
<property>
<name>hive.sentry.provider</name>
<value>org.apache.sentry.provider.file.HadoopGroupResourceAuthorizationProvider</value>
</property>

Local Groups

  1. Define local groups in the [users] section of the Policy File. For example:
    [users]
    user1 = group1, group2, group3
    user2 = group2, group3
  2. Modify Sentry configuration as follows:
    In sentry-site.xml, set hive.sentry.provider as follows:
    <property>
    <name>hive.sentry.provider</name>
    <value>org.apache.sentry.provider.file.LocalGroupResourceAuthorizationProvider</value>
    </property>

Enabling URIs for Per-DB Policy Files

The ADD JAR command does not work with HiveServer2 and the Beeline client when Beeline runs on a different host. As an alternative to ADD JAR, Hive's auxiliary paths functionality should be used as described in the following steps. Add the following string to the Java configuration options for HiveServer2 during startup.
-Dsentry.allow.uri.db.policyfile=true

Using User-Defined Functions with HiveServer2

The ADD JAR command does not work with HiveServer2 and the Beeline client when Beeline runs on a different host. As an alternative to ADD JAR, Hive's auxiliary paths functionality should be used as described in the following steps. There are some differences in the procedures for creating permanent functions and temporary functions. For detailed instructions, see User-Defined Functions (UDFs) with HiveServer2 Using the Command Line.

Enabling Policy File Authorization for Hive

Prerequisites

  • See Before You Install Sentry to verify the prerequisites for Sentry.
  • Setting Hive Warehouse Directory Permissions

    The Hive warehouse directory (/user/hive/warehouse or any path you specify as hive.metastore.warehouse.dir in your hive-site.xml) must be owned by the Hive user and group.
    • Using the default Hive warehouse directory - Permissions on the warehouse directory must be set as follows (see following Note for caveats):
      • 771 on the directory itself (by default, /user/hive/warehouse)
      • 771 on all subdirectories (for example, /user/hive/warehouse/mysubdir)
      • All files and subdirectories should be owned by hive:hive
      For example:
      $ sudo -u hdfs hdfs dfs -chmod -R 771 /user/hive/warehouse
      $ sudo -u hdfs hdfs dfs -chown -R hive:hive /user/hive/warehouse
      If you have enabled Kerberos on your cluster, you must kinit as the hdfs user before you set permissions. For example:
      sudo -u hdfs kinit -kt <hdfs.keytab> hdfs
      sudo -u hdfs hdfs dfs -chmod -R 771 /user/hive/warehouse
      $ sudo -u hdfs hdfs dfs -chown -R hive:hive /user/hive/warehouse
    • Using a non-default Hive warehouse: If you would like to use a different directory as the Hive warehouse, update the hive.metastore.warehouse.dir property, and make sure you set the required permissions on the new directory. For example, if the new warehouse directory is /data, set the permissions as follows:
      $ hdfs dfs -chown hive:hive /data
      $ hdfs dfs -chmod 771 /data

      Note that when you update the default Hive warehouse, previously created tables will not be moved over automatically. Therefore, tables created before the update will remain at /user/hive/warehouse/<old_table>. However, after the update, any new tables created in the default location will be found at /data/<new_table>.

      For Sentry/HDFS sync to work as expected, add the new warehouse URL to the list of Sentry Synchronization Path Prefixes.

  • HiveServer2 impersonation must be turned off.
  • The Hive user must be able to submit MapReduce jobs. You can ensure that this is true by setting the minimum user ID for job submission to 0. Edit the taskcontroller.cfg file and set min.user.id=0.
    To enable the Hive user to submit YARN jobs, add the user hive to the allowed.system.users configuration property. Edit the container-executor.cfg file and add hive to the allowed.system.users property. For example,
    allowed.system.users = nobody,impala,hive,hbase
  • Add the Hive, Impala, and Hue groups to Sentry's admin groups. If an end user is in one of these admin groups, that user has administrative privileges on the Sentry Server.
    <property>
      <name>sentry.service.admin.group</name>
      <value>hive,impala,hue</value>
     </property>

Configuration Changes Required

To enable Sentry, add the following properties to hive-site.xml:
<property>
<name>hive.server2.session.hook</name>
<value>org.apache.sentry.binding.hive.HiveAuthzBindingSessionHook</value>
</property>

<property>
<name>hive.sentry.conf.url</name>
<value></value>
<description>sentry-site.xml file location</description>
</property>

<property>
<name>hive.metastore.client.impl</name>
<value>org.apache.sentry.binding.metastore.SentryHiveMetaStoreClient</value>
<description>Sets custom Hive Metastore client which Sentry uses to filter out metadata.</description>
</property>

Securing the Hive Metastore

It's important that the Hive metastore be secured. If you want to override the Kerberos prerequisite for the Hive metastore, set the sentry.hive.testing.mode property to true to allow Sentry to work with weaker authentication mechanisms. Add the following property to the HiveServer2 and Hive metastore's sentry-site.xml:
<property>
  <name>sentry.hive.testing.mode</name>
  <value>true</value>
</property>
Impala does not require this flag to be set.

You can turn on Hive metastore security using the instructions in Cloudera Security. To secure the Hive metastore; see Hive Metastore Server Security Configuration.

Enabling Policy File Authorization for Impala

First, enable Sentry's policy file based authorization for Hive. For details, see Enabling Policy File Authorization for Hive.

See Enabling Sentry Authorization for Impala for details on configuring Impala to work with Sentry policy files.

Enabling Sentry in Cloudera Search

See Enabling Solr as a Client for the Sentry Service Using the Command Line for details on enabling Sentry for Solr.

See Using Solr with the Sentry Service for details on securing Solr data.