Managing Solr

You can install the Solr service through the Cloudera Manager installation wizard, using either parcels or packages. See Installing Search.

You can elect to have the service created and started as part of the Installation wizard. If you elect not to create the service using the Installation wizard, you can use the Add Service wizard to perform the installation. The wizard will automatically configure and start the dependent services and the Solr service. See Adding a Service for instructions.

For further information on the Solr service, see Cloudera Search Guide.

The following sections describe how to configure other CDH components to work with the Solr service.

Configuring the Flume Morphline Solr Sink for Use with the Solr Service

Minimum Required Role: Configurator (also provided by Cluster Administrator, Full Administrator)

To use a Flume Morphline Solr sink, the Flume service must be running on your cluster. See the Flume Near Real-Time Indexing Reference (CDH 5) for information about the Flume Morphline Solr Sink and Managing Flume.

  1. Go to the Flume service.
  2. Click the Configuration tab.
  3. Select Scope > Agent
  4. Select Category > Flume-NG Solr Sink.
  5. Edit the following settings, which are templates that you must modify for your deployment:
    • Morphlines File (morphlines.conf) - Configures Morphlines for Flume agents. You must use $ZK_HOST in this field instead of specifying a ZooKeeper quorum. Cloudera Manager automatically replaces the $ZK_HOST variable with the correct value during the Flume configuration deployment.
    • Custom MIME-types File (custom-mimetypes.xml) - Configuration for the detectMimeTypes command. See the Cloudera Morphlines Reference Guide for details on this command.
    • Grok Dictionary File (grok-dictionary.conf) - Configuration for the grok command. See the Cloudera Morphlines Reference Guide for details on this command.

    If more than one role group applies to this configuration, edit the value for the appropriate role group. See Modifying Configuration Properties Using Cloudera Manager.

Once configuration is complete, Cloudera Manager automatically deploys the required files to the Flume agent process directory when it starts the Flume agent. Therefore, you can reference the files in the Flume agent configuration using their relative path names. For example, you can use the name morphlines.conf to refer to the location of the Morphlines configuration file.

Deploying Solr with Hue

Minimum Required Role: Configurator (also provided by Cluster Administrator, Full Administrator)

In CDH 4.3 and lower, in order to use Solr with Hue, you must update the URL for the Solr Server in the Hue Server advanced configuration snippet.
  1. Go to the Hue service.
  2. Click the Configuration tab.
  3. Type the word "snippet" in the Search box.

    A set of Hue advanced configuration snippet properties displays.

  4. Add information about your Solr host to the Hue Server Configuration Advanced Configuration Snippet for hue_safety_valve_server.ini property. For example, if your hostname is SOLR_HOST, you might add the following:
    ## URL of the Solr Server
  5. Click Save Changes to save your advanced configuration snippet changes.
  6. Restart the Hue Service.

Using a Load Balancer with Solr

To configure a load balancer:
  1. Go to the Solr service.
  2. Click the Configuration tab.
  3. Select Scope > Solr
  4. Select Category > All
  5. Enter the hostname and port number of the load balancer in the Solr Load Balancer property in the format hostname:port number.
  6. Click Save Changes to commit the changes.

Migrating Solr Replicas

When you replace a host, migrating replicas on that host to the new host, instead of depending on failure recovery, can help ensure optimal performance.

Where possible, the Solr service routes requests to the proper host. Both ADDREPLICA and DELETEREPLICA calls can be sent to any host in the cluster.
  • For adding replicas, the node parameter ensures the new replica is created on the intended host. If no host is specified, Solr selects a host with relatively fewer replicas.
  • For deleting replicas, the request is routed to the host that hosts the replica to be deleted.

Adding replicas can be resource intensive. For best results, add replicas when the system is not under heavy load. For example, do not add additional replicas when heavy indexing is occurring or when MapReduceIndexerTool jobs are running.

Cloudera recommends using API calls to create and unload cores. Do not use the Cloudera Manager Admin Console or the Solr Admin UI for these tasks.

This procedure uses the following names:
  • Host names:
    • origin at the IP address
    • destination at the IP address
  • Collection name email
  • Replicas:
    • The original replica email_shard1_replica2, which is on origin.
    • The new replica email_shard1_replica3, which will be on destination.

To migrate a replica to a new host

  1. Create the new replica on destination server using the ADDREPLICA API:
  2. Verify that the replica creation succeeds and moves from recovery state to ACTIVE. You can check the replica status in the Cloud view, which can be found at a URL similar to:
  3. Use the CLUSTERSTATUS API to retrieve information about the cluster, including current cluster status:

    Review the returned information to find the correct replica to remove.

  4. Delete the old replica on origin server using the DELETEREPLICA API:

    The DELTEREPLICA call removes the datadir.