Using Search through a Proxy for High Availability
For most clusters that have multiple users and production availability requirements, you might set up a proxy server to relay requests to and from the Solr service. This configuration has the following advantages:
- Applications connect to a single well-known host and port, rather than keeping track of the hosts where the Solr service is running.
- If any host running the Solr service becomes unavailable, application connection requests still succeed because you always connect to the proxy server.
- The "coordinator host" for each Search query potentially requires more memory and CPU cycles than the other hosts that process the query. The proxy server can issue queries using round-robin scheduling, so that each connection uses a different coordinator host. This load-balancing technique lets the hosts running the Solr service share this additional work, rather than concentrating it on a single machine.
The following setup steps are a general outline that apply to any load-balancing proxy software.
- Download the load-balancing proxy software. It should only need to be installed and configured on a single host.
- Configure the software, typically by editing a configuration file. Set up a port on which the load balancer listens to relay Search requests back and forth.
- Specify the host and port settings for each Solr service host. These are the hosts that the load balancer chooses from when relaying each query. In most cases, use 8983, the default query and update port.
- Run the load-balancing proxy server, pointing it at the configuration file that you set up.