Installing Cloudera Navigator Encrypt

Prerequisites

See Data at Rest Encryption Requirements for more information about encryption and Navigator Encrypt requirements.

Setting Up an Internal Repository

You must create an internal repository to install or upgrade Navigator Encrypt. For instructions on creating internal repositories (including Cloudera Manager, CDH, and Cloudera Navigator encryption components), see Creating and Using a Package Repository for Cloudera Manager.

Installing Navigator Encrypt (RHEL-Compatible)

  1. Install the Cloudera Repository

    Add the internal repository you created. See Modifying Clients to Find the Repository for more information.

    Import the GPG key by running the following command:
    $ sudo rpm --import http://repo.example.com/path/to/gpg_gazzang.asc
  2. Install the EPEL Repository
    Dependent packages are available through the Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux (EPEL) repository. To install the EPEL repository, install the epel-release package:
    1. Copy the URL for the epel-release-<version>.noarch file for RHEL 6 or RHEL 7 located in the How can I use these extra packages? section of the EPEL wiki page.
    2. Run the following commands to install the EPEL repository:
      $ sudo wget <epel_rpm_url>
      $ sudo yum install epel-release-<version>.noarch.rpm

      Replace <version> with the version number of the downloaded RPM (for example, 6-8).

    If the epel-release package is already installed, you see a message similar to the following:
    Examining /var/tmp/yum-root-jmZhL0/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm: epel-release-6-8.noarch
    /var/tmp/yum-root-jmZhL0/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm: does not update installed package.
    Error: Nothing to do
    
    Confirm that the EPEL repository is installed:
    $ sudo yum repolist | grep -i epel
  3. Install Kernel Libraries

    For Navigator Encrypt to run as a kernel module, you must download and install the kernel development headers. Each kernel module is compiled specifically for the underlying kernel version. Running as a kernel module allows Navigator Encrypt to provide high performance and completely transparency to user-space applications.

    To determine your current kernel version, run uname -r.

    To install the development headers for your current kernel version, run:
    $ sudo yum install kernel-headers-$(uname -r) kernel-devel-$(uname -r)
    For OL with the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel (UEK), run:
    $ sudo yum install kernel-uek-headers-$(uname -r) kernel-uek-devel-$(uname -r)
    If yum cannot find these packages, it displays an error similar to the following:
    Unable to locate package <packagename>.
    In this case, do one of the following to proceed:
    • Find and install the kernel headers package by using a tool like RPM Pbone .
    • Upgrade your kernel to the latest version. If you upgrade the kernel, you must reboot after upgrading and select the kernel from the grub menu to make it active.
  4. (RHEL or CentOS Only) Manually Install dkms
    Because of a broken dependency in all versions of RHEL or CentOS, you must manually install the dkms package:
    $ sudo yum install http://repository.it4i.cz/mirrors/repoforge/redhat/el6/en/x86_64/rpmforge/RPMS/dkms-2.1.1.2-1.el6.rf.noarch.rpm
  5. Install Navigator Encrypt
    Install the Navigator Encrypt client using the yum package manager:
    $ sudo yum install navencrypt
    If you attempt to install Navigator Encrypt with incorrect or missing kernel headers, you see a message like the following:
    Building navencryptfs 3.8.0 DKMS kernel module...
    
    #################### BUILDING ERROR ####################
    
    
    
    Creating symlink /var/lib/dkms/navencryptfs/3.8.0/source ->
                     /usr/src/navencryptfs-3.8.0
    
    DKMS: add completed.
    Error! echo
    Your kernel headers for kernel 3.10.0-229.4.2.el7.x86_64 cannot be found at
    /lib/modules/3.10.0-229.4.2.el7.x86_64/build or /lib/modules/3.10.0-229.4.2.el7.x86_64/source.
    
    #################### BUILDING ERROR ####################
    
    Failed installation of navencryptfs 3.8.0 DKMS kernel module !

    To recover, see Navigator Encrypt Kernel Module Setup.

Installing Navigator Encrypt (SLES)

  1. Install the Cloudera Repository

    Add the internal repository you created. See Modifying Clients to Find the Repository for more information.

    Import the GPG key by running the following command:
    $ sudo rpm --import http://repo.example.com/path/to/gpg_gazzang.asc
  2. Install NTP

    The Network Time Protocol (NTP) service synchronizes system time. Cloudera recommends using NTP to ensure that timestamps in system logs, cryptographic signatures, and other auditable events are consistent across systems. Install and start NTP with the following commands:

    • SLES 11
      $ sudo zypper install ntp
      # /etc/init.d/ntp start
    • SLES 12
      $ sudo zypper install ntp
      # service ntpd start
  3. Install the Kernel Module Package and Navigator Encrypt Client

    Install the kernel module package (KMP) and Navigator Encrypt client with zypper:

    $ sudo zypper install cloudera-navencryptfs-kmp-<kernel_flavor>
    $ sudo zypper install navencrypt

    Replace <kernel_flavor> with the kernel flavor for your system. Navigator Encrypt supports the default, xen, and ec2 kernel flavors.

  4. Enable Unsupported Modules
    Edit /etc/modprobe.d/unsupported-modules and set allow_unsupported_modules to 1. For example:
    #
    # Every kernel module has a flag 'supported'. If this flag is not set loading
    # this module will taint your kernel. You will not get much help with a kernel
    # problem if your kernel is marked as tainted. In this case you firstly have
    # to avoid loading of unsupported modules.
    #
    # Setting allow_unsupported_modules 1 enables loading of unsupported modules
    # by modprobe, setting allow_unsupported_modules 0 disables it. This can
    # be overridden using the --allow-unsupported-modules command line switch.
    allow_unsupported_modules 1
  5. (SLES 12 SP2 only) Run systemctl daemon-reload

    Due to changes in SLES 12 SP2, you must run the following command after installing Navigator Encrypt:

    $ sudo systemctl daemon-reload

Installing Navigator Encrypt (Debian or Ubuntu)

  1. Install the Cloudera Repository
    Add the internal repository you created. See Modifying Clients to Find the Repository for more information.
    • Ubuntu
      $ echo "deb http://repo.example.com/path/to/ubuntu/stable $DISTRIB_CODENAME main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
    • Debian
      $ echo "deb http://repo.example.com/path/to/debian/stable $DISTRIB_CODENAME main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
    Import the GPG key by running the following command:
    $ wget -O - http://repo.example.com/path/to/gpg_gazzang.asc | apt-key add -

    Update the repository index with apt-get update.

  2. Install NTP
    The Network Time Protocol (NTP) service synchronizes system time. Cloudera recommends using NTP to ensure that timestamps in system logs, cryptographic signatures, and other auditable events are consistent across systems. Install and start NTP with the following commands:
    $ sudo apt-get install ntp
    $ sudo /etc/init.d/ntp start
  3. Install Kernel Headers
    Determine your kernel version by running uname -r, and install the appropriate headers:
    $ sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
  4. Install the Navigator Encrypt Client
    Install Navigator Encrypt:
    $ sudo apt-get install navencrypt

Post Installation

To ensure that Navigator Encrypt and NTP start after a reboot, add them to the start order with chkconfig:
$ sudo chkconfig --level 235 navencrypt-mount on
$ sudo chkconfig --level 235 ntpd on

Entropy Requirements

Many cryptographic operations, such as those used with TLS or HDFS encryption, require a sufficient level of system entropy to ensure randomness; likewise, Navigator Encrypt needs a source of random numbers to ensure good performance. Hence, you need to make sure that the hosts running Navigator Encrypt (as well as Key Trustee Server, Key Trustee KMS) and have sufficient entropy to perform cryptographic operations.

You can check the available entropy on a Linux system by running the following command:

$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/random/entropy_avail             

The output displays the entropy currently available. Check the entropy several times to determine the state of the entropy pool on the system. If the entropy is consistently low (500 or less), you must increase it by installing rng-tools version 4 or higher, and starting the rngd service.

Install rng_tools Using Package Manager

If version 4 or higher of the rng-tools package is available from the local package manager (yum), then install it directly from the package manager. If the appropriate version of rng-tools is unavailable, see Building rng-tools From Source.

Run the following commands on RHEL 6-compatible systems:

$ sudo yum install rng-tools
$ sudo service rngd start
$ sudo chkconfig rngd on

For RHEL 7, run the following commands:

$ sudo yum install rng-tools
$ cp /usr/lib/systemd/system/rngd.service /etc/systemd/system/
$ systemctl daemon-reload
$ systemctl start rngd
$ systemctl enable rngd

Building rng-tools From Source

If you are unable to install rng-tools using package manager, then build from source.
To install and start rngd and build from source:
  1. Download the source code:
    $ sudo wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/gkernel/rng-tools/4/rng-tools-4.tar.gz
  2. Extract the source code:
    tar xvfz rng-tools-4.tar.gz
  3. Enter the rng-tools-4 directory:
    $ cd rng-tools-4
  4. Run ./configure
  5. Run make
  6. Run make install
After you have installed rng-tools, start the rngd daemon by running the following command as root:
$ sudo rngd --no-tpm=1 -o /dev/random

For improved performance, Cloudera recommends configuring Navigator Encrypt to read directly from /dev/random instead of /dev/urandom.

To configure Navigator Encrypt to use /dev/random as an entropy source, add --use-random to the navencrypt-prepare command when you are setting up Navigator Encrypt.

Uninstalling and Reinstalling Navigator Encrypt

Uninstalling Navigator Encrypt

For RHEL-compatible OSes:
$ sudo yum remove navencrypt
$ sudo yum remove navencrypt-kernel-module

These commands remove the software itself. On RHEL-compatible OSes, the /etc/navencrypt directory is not removed as part of the uninstallation. Remove it manually if required.

Reinstalling Navigator Encrypt

After uninstalling Navigator Encrypt, repeat the installation instructions for your distribution in Installing Cloudera Navigator Encrypt.

When Navigator Encrypt is uninstalled, the configuration files and directories located in /etc/navencrypt are not removed. Consequently, you do not need to use the navencrypt register command during reinstallation. If you no longer require the previous installation configuration information in the directory /etc/navencrypt, you can remove its contents.